August 30, 2013

Uzbek grammar lessons - Adjectives 2

Assalomu alaykum,

Like in English language we have also comparative adjectives in Uzbek language.
Comparative adjectivesSifat darajalari.

In Uzbek we have following similar types:

⑴ oddiy daraja - normal form or regular adjectives
⑵ orttirma daraja - superlative form of adjectives 
⑶ qiyosiy daraja - comparative adjectives 

⑴ This type of adjective does not have any suffixes and known to be core (base) of adjectives. 

Examples: yashil (green), yumshoq (soft), sariq (yellow), yengil (light [weight]), qattiq (hard), qisqa (short).

⑵  This type describe very high or low quantity of the objects or subjects. And usually made by adding following words front of the adjectives: juda (very), juda ham (greatly), g'oyat (extremely), g'oyatda, nihoyatda, eng, hammadan. (similar exaggerate words)

Examples: juda og'ir (very heavy), juda ham qattiq (greatly hard), g'oyat go'zal (extremely beautiful), g'oyatda bema'ni (truly nonsense), nihoyatda uzoq (very far), eng kuchli (greatly strong). 

⑶ This type of adjectives created by adding "-roq" to the base of adjectives and describe comparative quantity of the objects or subjects. 

Examples: qoraroq (blacker), uzunroq (longer), qattiqroq (harder), aqlliroq (smarter), torroq (narrower).

Besides above types there are another 2 form of adjectives in Uzbek. Namely,  Weaken (Ozaytirma) and Strengthen (Kuchaytirma) adjectives (sifatlar). 

1. Weaken adjectives describe less or light marks of the objects and subjects.

Examples: oq (white) - oqish (whitish), qora (black) - qoramtir (blackish), sariq (yellow) - sarg'ish (yellowish), qizil (red) - qizg'ish (reddish), yashil (green) - och yashil (greenish or light green). 

2. Strengthen adjectives vice versa, increase or strengthen the mark.

Examples: qora - qop-qora (very dark black), tim qora (strong black); oq - oppoq (very white or strong white), ko'k (blue) - ko'm-ko'k (strong/dark blue), tekis (smooth) - tep-tekis (very flat), yumaloq (round) - yum-yumaloq (very/even round), katta (big) - kap-katta (big enough), yolg'on (lie) - g'irt yolg'on (completely lie), ho'l (wet) - jiqqa ho'l (very wet), sariq (yellow) - sap-sariq (yellowish).

Here now continue audio lessons with Adjectives 2, part two adjectives in Uzbek. 
Same list of adjectives like we had in Adjectives 1, only now we see them in short Uzbek sentences. 

Download the MP3 and Please subscribe to the channel.

NOTE: from this lessons I try to include Uzbek transcripts of the audio in ID tag which is viewable from most audio players. In iPad you can push middle button until you see text and then you can scroll through lyrics. In Android phones native player usually shows the lyrics by default. As an example see picture:

uzbek adjectives, audio lyrics for uzbek audio lessons

Really hope it works, let me know if there is any issues

Video version with transcripts. For those who like to watch.

I hope you enjoy the lesson, please let me know if you have any questions!
You can also use forum for questions and answers so that someone else with similar question might find the answer for their questions. Feel free to contribute, add your answers or just share opinion.

Thank you and see you in next lesson.

Don't forget to practe!

Uzbek grammar lessons - Adjectives 2
Last Reviewed by UzbekClass on August 30 2013
Rating: 4.8

1 comment:

  1. salom (UZBEK language exchange :-)

    my name is Fran├žois, I am French man with passion in linguistics,
    with help of native speakers collecting vocabulary for UZBEK language :

    in left MENU there is thematic vocabulary,
    could you please send me corrections and missing translations... ?

    you can participate as well in language exchange community,
    by creating little lessons by yourself in your native language

    best regards from FRANCE